Employment and Support Allowance (ESA) | Benefit Rates 2020 to 2021

Focus on Disability - For Disabled People, the Elderly and their Carers in the UK

If you’re ill or disabled, Employment and Support Allowance (ESA) offers you financial support if you’re unable to work and gives personalised help so that you can work if you’re able to.

You can apply for help if you’re employed, self-employed or unemployed.

See also:

Information Updated April 2020

How much you may be awarded from April 2020 to 2021 (the rates for 2019 to 2020 are also given)



Personal allowances

Single

Personal allowances Rates 2019 (£) Rates 2020 (£)
Under 25 57.90 58.90
25 or over 73.10 74.35

Lone parent

Personal allowances Rates 2019 (£) Rates 2020 (£)
Under 18 57.90 58.90
18 or over 73.10 74.35

Couple

Personal allowances Rates 2019 (£) Rates 2020 (£)
Both under 18 57.90 58.90
Both under 18 with child 87.50 89.00
Both under 18 (main phase) 73.10 74.35
Both under 18 with child (main phase) 114.85 116.80
One 18 or over, one under 18 (certain conditions apply) 114.85 116.80
Both over 18 114.85 116.80
Claimant under 25, partner under 18 57.90 58.90
Claimant 25 or over, partner under 18 73.10 74.35
Claimant (main phase), partner under 18 73.10 74.35

Premiums

Enhanced disability premium

Premiums Rates 2019 (£) Rates 2020 (£)
Single 16.80 17.10
Couple 24.10 24.50

Severe disability premium

Premiums Rates 2019 (£) Rates 2020 (£)
Single 65.85 66.95
Couple (lower rate) 65.85 66.95
Couple (higher rate) 131.70 133.90

Carer premium

Premium Rates 2019 (£) Rates 2020 (£)
Carer 36.85 37.50

Pensioner premium

Premiums Rates 2019 (£) Rates 2020 (£)
Single with work-related activity component 65.10 69.85
Single with support component 55.60 60.20
Single with no component 94.15 99.40
Couple with work-related activity component 111.35 118.85
Couple with support component 101.85 109.20
Couple with no component 140.40 148.40

Components

Components Rates 2019 (£) Rates 2020 (£)
Work-related activity 29.05 29.55
Support 38.55 39.20