Deductions and Dependency Increases – DWP Benefits – 2019 to 2020

Focus on Disability - For Disabled People, the Elderly and their Carers in the UK

Local Council Tax, Fuel and Housing Benefit deductions and dependency increases applied to benefits and work for the year April 2019 to 2020 and April 2018 to 2019 by the Department for Work and Pensions

See also:
Benefit Rates 1
Benefit Rates 2
Benefits and Allowances for Disabled People Index

Help with Health Costs and Money Issues

Non-dependant deductions

People who normally share your accommodation but are not dependent on you for financial support are known as non-dependants. Others who live with you as a family and any children you have fostered do not count as non-dependants.

Any non-dependants who normally share your accommodation could affect the amount of Housing Benefit and Council Tax Support you get whether or not you are also getting Income Support, income-based JSA or Pension Credit.

DEDUCTIONS – rules common to Income Support, Jobseeker’s Allowance, Employment and Support Allowance, Pension Credit and Housing Benefit unless stated otherwise

2018/19 (£) Weekly 2019/20 (£) Weekly
Non-dependant deductions from housing benefit and from IS, JSA(IR), ESA(IR) and Pension Credit
aged 25 and over in receipt of IS and JSA(IR),
or any age in receipt of main phase ESA(IR),
aged 18 or over, not in remunerative work


aged 18 or over and in remunerative work:
– gross income: less than £139 15.25 15.60
– gross income: £139 to £203.99 35.00 35.85
– gross income: £204 to £264.99 48.05 49.20
– gross income: £265 to £353.99 78.65 80.55
– gross income: £354 to £438.99 89.55 91.70
– gross income: £439 and above 98.30 100.65
Deductions from housing benefit
Service charges for fuel
heating 30.30 32.70
hot water 3.50 3.80
lighting 2.40 2.60
cooking 3.50 3.80
Amount ineligible for meals
three or more meals a day:
single claimant 27.90 28.55
each person in family aged 16 or over 27.90 28.55
each child under 16 14.15 14.50
less than three meals a day
single claimant 18.60 19.05
each person in family aged 16 or over 18.60 19.05
each child under 16 9.35 9.55
breakfast only – claimant and each member of the family 3.45 3.55
Amount for personal expenses (not HB) 25.00 25.60
Third party deductions from IS, JSA(IR), ESA(IR) and Pension Credit for;
arrears of housing, fuel and water costs
council tax etc. and deductions for ELDS and ILS.
3.70 3.70
child support, contribution towards maintenance (CTM)
standard deduction 7.40 7.40
lower deduction 3.70 3.70
arrears of Community Charge
court order against claimant 3.70 3.70
court order against couple 5.75 5.75
fine or compensation order
standard rate 5.00 5.00
lower rate 3.70 3.70
Maximum deduction rates for recovery of overpayments (not
Ordinary overpayments 11.10 11.10
Fraud Overpayments
Housing Benefit/ CTB only 18.50 18.50
Benefits (not HB or Council Tax) 29.60 29.60
Deductions from JSA(C) and ESA (C)
Arrears of Comm. Charge & overpayment recovery
Age 16 – 24 19.30 19.30
Age 25 + 24.36 24.36
Arrears of Council Tax & Fines
Age 16 – 24 23.16 23.16
Age 25 + 29.24 29.24
Max. dedn for arrears of Child Maintenance
Age 16 – 24 19.30 19.30
Age 25 + 24.36 24.36


Adult dependency increases for spouse or person looking
after children – payable with;
State Pension on own insurance (Cat A ) 68.35 70.00
State Pension (non-contributory, Cat C) 40.90 41.90
long term Incapacity Benefit 63.65 65.20
Unemployability Supplement 64.60 66.15
Severe Disablement Allowance 38.20 39.10
Carers Allowance 38.00 38.90
short-term Incapacity Benefit (over state pension age) 61.30 62.75
short-term Incapacity Benefit (under State Pension age) 49.60 50.80
Child Dependency Increases – payable with;
State Pension; Widowed Mothers/Parents Allowance;
short-term Incapacity benefit – higher rate or over state pension age;long-term Incapacity Benefit; Carer’s Allowance; Severe Disablement
Unemployability Supplement.
11.35 11.35
NB – The rate of child dependency increase is adjusted where it is
payable for the eldest child for whom child benefit is also paid. The
weekly rate in such cases is reduced by the difference (less £3.65)
between the ChB rates for the eldest and subsequent children.
8.00 8.00

Exceptions and special rules may apply to deductions for non-dependants if you or your partner:

  • are registered blind or were so in the last 28 weeks;

  • receive Attendance Allowance;

  • receive Constant Attendance Allowance;

  • receive the care component of Disability Living Allowance (at any rate).

  • No deductions are made if the non-dependant:
  • is under 18;

  • is a youth trainee;

  • is in prison or similar forms of detention;

  • has been in hospital for 52 weeks or more;

  • usually lives elsewhere (but you will need to tell us their permanent address, otherwise we may still make the deduction); or
  • is a full time student or student nurse (although a HB deduction applies if the non-dependant works for 16 hours per week or more during the summer vacation).

Special rules apply to delay the deduction for those aged 65 or over:

  • If you or your partner are aged 65 or over and:

    • a non-dependant moves in (and a deduction would normally apply to them); or
    • a non-dependant has a change in circumstances that would mean that a higher deduction should be made.
    • The deduction starts 26 weeks after the non-dependant moved in or 26 weeks from their change in circumstances.