Deductions and Dependency Increases – DWP Benefits

Focus on Disability - For Disabled People, the Elderly and their Carers in the UK

Local Council Tax, Fuel and Housing Benefit deductions and dependency increases applied to benefits and work by the Department for Work and Pensions

See also:
Benefit Rates 1
Benefit Rates 2
Benefits and Allowances for Disabled People Index

Help with Health Costs and Money Issues

Non-dependant deductions

People who normally share your accommodation but are not dependent on you for financial support are known as non-dependants. Others who live with you as a family and any children you have fostered do not count as non-dependants.

Any non-dependants who normally share your accommodation could affect the amount of Housing Benefit and Council Tax Support you get whether or not you are also getting Income Support, income-based JSA or Pension Credit.

Deductions Rates 2019 (£) Rates 2020 (£)
Aged 25 and over in receipt of Income Support and income-based JSA,
or any age in receipt of main phase income-related ESA,
aged 18 or over, not in remunerative work
15.60 15.85
Aged 18 or over and in remunerative work Rates 2019 (£) Rates 2020 (£)
Gross income: less than £149 15.60 15.85
Gross income: £149 to £216.99 35.85 36.45
Gross income: £217 to £282.99 49.20 50.05
Gross income: £283 to £376.99 80.55 81.90
Gross income: £377 to £468.99 91.70 93.25
Gross income: £469 and above 100.65 102.35

Deductions from Housing Benefit

Service charges for fuel

Deductions Rates 2019 (£) Rates 2020 (£)
Heating 32.70 34.30
Hot water 3.80 4.00
Lighting 2.60 2.75
Cooking 3.80 4.00

Amount ineligible for meals

3 or more meals a day Rates 2019 (£) Rates 2020 (£)
Single claimant 28.55 29.05
Each person in family aged 16 or over 28.55 29.05
Each child under 16 14.50 14.75
Less than 3 meals a day Rates 2019 (£) Rates 2020 (£)
Single claimant 19.05 19.35
Each person in family aged 16 or over 19.05 19.35
Each child under 16 9.55 9.70
Breakfast only – claimant and each member of the family 3.55 3.60

Amount for personal expenses (not Housing Benefit)

Deductions Rates 2019 (£) Rates 2020 (£)
Amount for personal expenses (not Housing Benefit) 25.60 26.05
Deductions Rates 2019 (£) Rates 2020 (£)
Arrears of housing, fuel and water costs Council Tax etc. and deductions for Eligible Loan Deduction Scheme and Integration Loan Scheme 3.70 3.75

Child Maintenance deduction

Deductions Rates 2020 (£)
Standard deduction 8.40

Arrears of Community Charge

Deductions Rates 2019 (£) Rates 2020 (£)
Court order against claimant 3.70 3.75
Court order against couple 5.75 5.85

Fine or compensation order

Deductions Rates 2019 (£) Rates 2020 (£)
Standard rate 5.00 5.00
Lower rate 3.70 3.75

Exceptions and special rules may apply to deductions for non-dependants if you or your partner:

  • are registered blind or were so in the last 28 weeks;

  • receive Attendance Allowance;

  • receive Constant Attendance Allowance;

  • receive the care component of Disability Living Allowance (at any rate).

  • No deductions are made if the non-dependant:
  • is under 18;

  • is a youth trainee;

  • is in prison or similar forms of detention;

  • has been in hospital for 52 weeks or more;

  • usually lives elsewhere (but you will need to tell us their permanent address, otherwise we may still make the deduction); or
  • is a full time student or student nurse (although a HB deduction applies if the non-dependant works for 16 hours per week or more during the summer vacation).

Special rules apply to delay the deduction for those aged 65 or over:

  • If you or your partner are aged 65 or over and:

    • a non-dependant moves in (and a deduction would normally apply to them); or
    • a non-dependant has a change in circumstances that would mean that a higher deduction should be made.
    • The deduction starts 26 weeks after the non-dependant moved in or 26 weeks from their change in circumstances.